3, 1862, the 3d Regiment N.C. Cavalry was organized by Special Orders
No. 206 and independent cavalry companies were assigned to it. At
the time of organization the company was in Lenoir County (Kinston)
and remained there for the balance of 1862. Lenoir County was part
of the District of Pamlico with district headquarters in Goldsborough.
Major General Gustavus Smith commanded the "right wing of the
army" with departmental command as far south as the Cape Fear.
November 4, 1862, Co. E was at Kinston.
November 17, 1862, Col John A. Baker assumed regimental command
and used the three companies at Kinston as a nucleus to organize
the regiment. The Macon Mounted Guards became Co. E and was one
of the three companies at Kinston.
December 10 and December 20, 1962 the unit participated in the Battle
of Goldsborough. Goldsborough was an important east-west and north-south
railroad junction. The Federal forces were under the command of
Major General John G. Foster, Shanks Evans commanded the Confederate
December 13, 1862 (Saturday), the Federals approached Kinston in
force. Engagements occurred at Hines' Mill and two miles from Kinston
Bridge. Evans retired toward the Neuse. The engagement lasted ten
December 14, 1862, after a three-hour battle, Evans retired across
the Neuse and then to Kinston with the enemy pursuing. He then retired
to Falling Creek under heavy fire. The Federals recrossed the river
and moved toward White Hall. Evans sent infantry and 600 dismounted
cavalry under B.H. Robertson to defend the crossing at White Hall.
December 17, 1862, Foster burned the main bridge of the Weldon-Wilmington
RR over the Neuse River. (OR 18, 57, 109-110).
5, 1863: From W.H.C. Whiting to Col. Baker: On advance of enemy
in force for attack on Wilmington, you will endeavor to ascertain
the route he takes with his main column. A part of your cavalry
will fall back to Holly Shelter Road, a part on plank road. Enemy's
advance should be delayed by every means in your power.
13, 1863: From Whiting to Baker. Unless Robertson has given instructions,
send one company back to Col. Harrison and with remainder watch
their flank, moving if forced across Cape Fear (northeast branch)
and protect railroad and telegraph. If they land below New River,
watch their rear and follow them up.
16, 1863: Whiting to Baker. Impede enemy's advance by every device
within your means; destroy all bridges in his route, however trifling.
Accustom your men to skirmish with his advance, to ambuscade, etc.
18, 1963: Whiting to Baker. Dispatch of 18th received. I want accurate
information of route and advance of enemy. Advance by Tuckahoe,
on railroad, toward Kenansville should be communicated to telegraph
office there; on Jacksonville Road should be forwarded here.
25, 1863: Baker to Major Hill (from Golding Place). Enemy has passed
Trenton on way to Kinston.
25, 1863. Longstreet was appointed to command the Department of
Virginia and North Carolina which extended from Richmond to Cape
Fear. It consisted of three departments: Department of Richmond
under Elzey, Department of Southern Virginia under French, and Department
of North Carolina under D.H. Hill. Sometime during February or March
Co. E (together with Companies B, C, F, I & K) moved to the
Blackwater line in southern Virginia.
7, 1863. Bridge over New River burned by Baker.
19, 1863. Baker's cavalry at Blackwater line.
24, 1863. M. Jenkins proposed "a dash of Baker's regiment upon
enemy cavalry at Windsor Road (4-5 miles this side of Suffolk).
6, 1863: Longstreet to Jenkins: Have command ready to cross Blackwater
on Friday. Baker's regiment should be ready to move with you. Cross
at Franklin Bridge. Cavalry should be provided with wires to stretch
across roads in case of enemy cavalry charge.
11-May 4, 1863. The regiment took part in Longstreet's Suffolk Campaign.
The purpose of the campaign was to allow Confederate commissaries
to gather food in eastern N.C. (OR 18, p. 942). The campaign was
broken off soon after the Federals crossed the Rappahannock on April
29, 1963. The 3d Cavalry was used mainly on picket and outpost duty
and saw no heavy action. On April 21, 1863, the regiment was assigned
to B.H. Robertson's Brigade, but remained on detached service on
2, 1863: Longstreet to French: Major Mitchell hopes to get wagons
over tonight. If he succeeds, Picket to move and send Baker to you.
20, 1863. The regiment remained on the Blackwater at Ivor Station
(French's headquarters) on the Norfolk & Petersburg RR.
11, 1863. A detachment of the 3d NC Cavalry burned Dollard's Wharf
on the south side of the James River.
18, 1863. The regiment repulsed attempts to cross the Blackwater.
1, 1863. The regiment moved north of Richmond to intercept raiders
and watch the Pamunkey. It was at Old Church (northeast of Richmond)
near New Castle Ferry. Baker had 200 dismounted men. In a dispatch
to Seddon, D.H. Hill wrote "with Baker at Old Church, we ought
to get timely notice of an advance upon Hanover Junction."
4, 1863. The regiment was on the right at the South Anna Bridge
and took part in repulsing the Federal infantry advance.
11, 1863. The unit was ordered back to Petersburg; however, one
company remained to act as cavalry escort to C.E. Lightfoot's expedition
to Matthais Point (ENE of Fredericksburg, 22 miles, in King George
County, Virginia). Col. Baker was with the company.
18, 1863. The company that went to Matthais Point rejoined the regiment
which was assigned to Ransom's command on July 18 by Special Order
27, 1863. The regiment moved back to the Blackwater and took up
positions at or near Ivor Station where they rotated picket and
5, 1863. Baker reported no enemy at Bower's Hill.
1863. The regiment remained on the Blackwater near Ivor Station.
Records reflect that on August 1, 1863, Thomas Jefferson was detailed
as a teamster because he had no horse. On October 8, LTC Waddell
was commanding near Ivor Station. In October the regiment moved
back to N.C.
23-24, 1863. The regiment was in camp below Kinston.
1863. Co. E (with Co. H) was stationed below Greenville. It was
under Picket's command and had 32 officer, 589 men.
17, 1863. Thirty-five men of Co. H were captured when surprised
in camp. Major Roger Moore reported, "one of my companies picket
16 miles below here, on the other side of the river, 1-12 miles
below on this side, and I have only one small company as a reserve
here and as a support to the battery, and none to act independently."
Major Moore was killed on December 30 in an attack on a Federal
reconnaissance party six miles south of Greenville. Sometime during
this period, Thomas' mules were captured by the enemy.
29, 1864. Seven companies detached to Neuse and Trent picket line.
31, 1864. Col. Baker sent to the railroad at Croatan. It was a dark
and rainy night and he could not cross the swamp.
1, 1864. Col. Baker returned to the main body.
3, 1864. Picket began retiring toward Kinston.
20, 1964. Col. Baker attacked where the Neuse Road crosses Batchelder's
Creek, eight miles from New Bern at Brice's Creek.
detachment near Greenville (including Co. E) remained on station
through February, but rejoined the regiment in March 1864. Co. E
probably did not participate in the February action at New Bern
on February 1-4, 1864.
22, 1864. The regiment was ordered to proceed by highway to headquarters,
Army of Northern Virginia, for assignment to James Gordon's Brigade,
Fitz Lee's Division, Cavalry Corps, Stuart commanding. The move
was delayed until May 8 because of a Federal move on New Bern.
8, 1864. The regiment started for Weldon early in the morning and
arrived at Weldon on May 10.
13, 1864. The unit arrived at Petersburg.
14, 1864. The unit accompanied Beauregard on his way to Drewry's
Bluff. Beauregard moved by way of Swift Creek, and at Chesterfield
Courthouse met and scattered a small Federal force. He arrived at
Drewry's mansion at 3:00 a.m., May 14. (Lee's Lieutenants, Vol.
III, p. 478.)
16, 1864. The regiment was not engaged in the battle at Drewry's
Bluff, but remained on position until ordered to move to Richmond
on May 22.
26, 1864. From Richmond the regiment joined Gordon's Brigade at
Hanover Courthouse. After Gordon's death, General R. Barringer assumed
command. The regiment was engaged in screening the Army of Northern
Virginia and observing the Federal army during Grant's march down
27, 1864. The regiment was on the Hanover Town Road on the Pamunkey.
29, 1864. Lee ordered a forced reconnaissance by calvary to locate
the Federal army. (Lee's Lieutenants, Vol. III, p. 499-500). In
a seven-hour fight (with the 5th S.C. Cavalry), the unit helped
repulse the 2d Federal Cavalry Division at Haw's Shop.
30, 1864. The regiment was near Hanover Courthouse.
31, 1864. The regiment was at Ashland.
3, 1864. The regiment was near Meadow Bridge. (Second Cold Harbor
occurred on June 3).
11, 1864. The unit was engaged at White Oak Swamp.
15-16, 1864. The unit was engaged at Malvern Hill and Harrison's
18, 1864. The regiment crossed the James River and headed toward
21, 1864. While guarding the Petersburg & Weldon RR just below
Petersburg, the brigade drove back a Federal infantry division under
General Francis Barlow at Davis' farm (where Col. Baker was captured).
After this engagement, the regiment was detached for picket duty
on the Petersburg & Weldon RR south of Petersburg where it remained
until ordered north of the James River.
30-August 2, 1864. The regiment was north of the James River.
2, 1864. The regiment returned to its old camp south of Petersburg,
but was ordered north again.
15-16, 1864. The regiment was engaged at White's Tavern and White
Oak Swamp. It then moved south to engage a force on the Petersburg
& Weldon RR.
21, 1864. The cavalry was successful at Yellow House.
25, 1864. The unit was engaged at Ream's Station. From Ream's Station,
the brigade moved to Stony Creek.
11-16, 1864. The unit took part in Hampton's Beef Raid. Following
the raid, the cavalry was stationed on the right of the line protecting
the Petersburg & Weldon RR from Petersburg to Stony Creek.
20-October 4, 1864. The regiment was engaged in numerous skirmishes
while on picket duty.
4, 1864. Thomas Jefferson Wilkie was absent on horse detail.
28, 1864. The regiment took part in the battle on Boydton Plank
16, 1864. Thomas Jefferson Wilkie transferred to Co. H, 26th N.C.